People who live in states that allow doctors to prescribe the drugs in question are “very unhappy” with the experience, according to the authors.
The study was published in The Journal of Health Psychology and involved a sample of 1,000 Americans aged 18 and older.
“The researchers found that the use of opioids by doctors was associated with lower levels of happiness in the patient, but there was no significant association with satisfaction with the patient’s health or quality of life,” the authors write.
The authors found that people who had been prescribed opioids were more likely to be “highly satisfied” with their health and wellbeing, and that they were more satisfied with their job as well.
“These findings suggest that, as with other treatments, patients who are prescribed opioids are likely to feel worse about their health, and to be less happy,” the researchers write.
They conclude that “if patients who have been prescribed pain relievers experience a decrease in quality of their health care, it is likely that this is due to decreased compliance with the medication and less effective adherence to treatment.”
According to the researchers, there may be an increased risk for opioid addiction among doctors, as well as increased risk of death from opioid overdoses.
They note that doctors may have a higher chance of prescribing opioids if they have a history of prescribing painkillers to patients, which is likely to increase the likelihood of addiction to opioids.
According to a 2013 study published in the British Medical Journal, there is a significant correlation between the number of prescriptions for opioid painkillers prescribed in the United States and an increase in the prevalence of opioid addiction in the population.
The findings also suggest that “prescribing opioid painkilling drugs to primary care physicians may be a form of prescription overprescriber behavior, especially in rural and underserved areas.”
“This could potentially lead to a significant increase in prescription of opioid painkiller medications among patients with primary care care prescribing practices,” they write.
In a separate study, researchers also found that opioid addiction rates are higher among doctors and nurses in the states that have approved the use, and have had to shut down pharmacies that were selling the drugs.
The researchers compared the rate of opioid overdose deaths in the U.S. between 2005 and 2014, and found that among doctors there was a 17 percent increase in deaths from opioid overdose.
The study also looked at whether physicians were prescribing opioids to patients who had a history or previous history of substance abuse, and whether these prescriptions were related to increased rates of opioid dependence.
“We found that physicians were more inclined to prescribe opioids to opioid-dependent patients with a history than to opioid non-dependent users with a prior history of addiction,” the study authors write.
“This suggests that, while physicians may have been prescribing opioids because of a general opioid use disorder, they may also have been motivated to do so by a desire to increase profits from the sale of opioid drugs.”
Although physicians may not have been aware of their prescribing behavior as a primary care provider, their prescribing of opioids to opioids-dependent, substance-abusing patients with an opioid use history might increase their opioid prescribing rates,” the paper states.